Dorothy Parker (née Rothschild, 1893-1967) wrote poetry, humor, and theater and book reviews for Vanity Fair, Vogue, and The New Yorker, among other publications. She was known for the sharp wit with which she observed and chronicled contemporary life.
At the height of her popularity, in the 1920s, she published over 300 poems and short humorous verse pieces.
She was a founding member of a group of writers, journalists, and entertainers that gathered at the Algonquin hotel that became known as the Algonquin Roundtable.
Parker also wrote short stories and spent time in Hollywood as a screenwriter.
A heavy drinker, she abused alcohol throughout her life, and it limited her creative output in her last decades. Today, she is known mostly for the work she created in the 1920s.
She was politically active, advocated for civil rights, and eventually wound up blacklisted during the red scare in the 1950s. When she died in 1973, she left her estate to Martin Luther King, Jr.